City Guide

Budget Cities

AddTime:[2010/11/22 11:14:26]



Jinzhou is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province, China. It is a geographically strategic city located in the "Liaoxi Corridor" , which connects land transportation between North China and Northeast China. Jinzhou is China's northernmost seaport and the coastal economic center of West Liaoning on the north-western shore of the Bohai Sea. The total area under the jurisdiction of Jinzhou is 10,301 km², most of which is rural, encompassing a coastline of 97.7 km. It is one of the biggest cities in Liaoning with an urban population of 770,000 and a greater population of more than three million people.

History

Jinzhou is an ancient city boasting over a thousand years of history. Originally known as Tuhe, it became part of the Yan in the Warring States period; the Qin unified six states and the majority of what is now Jinzhou became part of Liaodong township. It was part of Changli township in Youzhou during the Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms periods, but fell under the jurisdiction of Yingzhou in the Beiwei, Dongwei and Beiqi periods, before becoming part of Liucheng township and then Yan township during the Sui and Tang eras. During the Tang dynasty, it was the seat of the Andong township government.

The name 'Jinzhou' came into use in the Liao dynasty, when it belonged to Zhongjing prefecture. In the Jin dynasty, it was part of Dongjing township and Beijing township. It belonged to Liaoyang Xingzhongshu ministry in the Yuan dynasty and to Liaodong township in the Ming dynasty, and was ruled by Tianfu during the Qing dynasty, when its name was changed from Jinzhou to Jinxian. During the Republican period, Jinzhou was attached to Liaoning Province. After the establishment of the "New China", Liaoxi Province was founded and Jinzhou became the provincial capital. Jinzhou then came back under the administration of Liaoning Province in 1954, when Liaoxi and Liaodong provinces merged.

Geography and geology

Jinzhou is located in the southwestern portion of Liaoning, borders Panjin, Anshan, Shenyang to the east, and Huludao on the west. The city's southern coast is the Liaodong Bay. On the north are Chaoyang and Fuxin.

Jinzhou has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Koppen Dwa), with a relatively large variation in temperature over the course of a year, and four distinct seasons with their own characteristics. Monthly means range from −7.5 °C (18.5 °F) to 24.7 °C (76.5 °F) in July, with the annual average rainfall between 540 and 640 mm, heavily concentrated in July and August alone. It experiences four distinct seasons, each with their own characteristics; its monsoon climate is pronounced and exhibits strong continentality. The geographic and natural climatic conditions of Jinzhou are conducive to the development of such industries as agriculture, forestry, livestock and marine produce

Fossil-bearing rocks are exposed in the city's vicinity, including the Yixian Formation. A genus of Early Cretaceous birds has been named Jinzhouornis in honor of the locality, but it appears to be a junior synonym of Confuciusornis which was found in the same formation some years earlier.

Economy

Jinzhou has a wide range of industries. Major traditional industries include petrochemistry, metallurgy, textiles, pharmacy and building materials.

Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone : The Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone was established in 1992. It is among the first province-level development zones approved by Liaoning Province. The development zone enjoys convenient transportation with easy access to Jinzhou Seaport, Jinzhou airport and several state highways.

Shopping and Services : Within the city, some western franchises have set up shop, most notably KFC, which has a long established foothold in Chinese markets. RT-Mart, New-Mart and Do-Do Express are major food and sundries retailers. Bank of Jinzhou (Jinzhou Yinhang) is the only bank in Jinzhou upon this writing with native English speaking staff, while Western Union, Bank of China and many other banking service are also present in the city. Visa and MasterCard are not accepted in Jinzhou, aside from a few large bank branches with access to these networks.

Transport

Jinzhou Airport provides air transport to major airports in China. There are two railway stations in the city, one designated for long trips and one for shorter routes. The most popular way to get around Jinzhou is on foot or by bicycle. Taxis crowd the streets and start at 5 RMB per trip. Bus routes also blanket the city and provide the most economical means of transportation, but are not always reliable.

Major Tourist Sites

"Liaoshen Campaign Memorial" : The Liaoshen Campaign Memorial is a large museum that holds and displays over 16,000 pieces of equipment used during the campaign, including rifles, machine guns, mortars, cannons, and tanks. It also holds thousands of pictures and documents. The best known exhibit inside the museum is the Panoramic Picture Hall, which reproduces the complete Battle of Jinzhou on a rotating circular screen.

"Yiwulü Mountain" : Located in the west of Beizhen City of Jinzhou, it is one of the three sacred mountains in Northeast China. Wanghai Mountain is the main peak, with a height of 867 meters above the sea level, and tourist spots such as Beizhen Temple, Shenshui Bridge, Fish Pool, Guanyin Pavilion, Sijiao Pavilion, Kuangguang Pavilion, Lotus Stone, Cloud Pass and Wanghai Temple are scattered throughout the mountain range.

"Mount Bijia" : This is an interesting island in the Bohai Sea south of Jinzhou's coastline. During most time of the day, Mt. Bijiashan can only be accessed by boat, but when the sea recedes, a natural zigzagging cobblestone bridge emerges from the Bohai Sea and connects Mt. Bijia to the mainland. People can walk to Mount Bijia from the seafront on foot and local people have named this natural wonder "Tian Qiao", (lit: Sky Bridge). On the top of the mountain there is a tall stone pavilion, which resembles a gigantic pen resting on a pen holder, hence the name "Bijiashan", meaning the "Pen Holder Mountain".

"Guangji Pagoda" : The Guangji Pagoda is located in Guta Park situated at the heart of Jinzhou. The 72 metre tower is beautiful Liao style architecture, with thirteen levels in an octagonal shape. A quiet temple beneath completes the ancient Chinese setting. Visitors will see locals gather for early morning rituals, exercise and various other activities. There is no fee for admission to the temple grounds.

 

Yangling


Yangling is located in the center of the Guanzhong plain, Shaanxi Province, with a total area of 135km and a population of 190,800. The district is roughly 80 kilometers to the west of the provincial capital Xi'an.

History

According to the Biography of Emperors in Zhou Dynasty in reconds of the Historion, as early as 4,000 years ago, Houji, the first high-ranking official in charge of agriculture in the Chinese history, taught people how to grow crops here, making Yangling the birthplace of the Chinese agricultural civilization.

With the approval of the Chinese State Council, Yangling Agricultural Hi-Tech Industries Demonstration Zone (Yangling Demonstration Zone in short) was founded on July 29, 1997 and is the only state-level development zone in China concentrating on agricultural hi-tech industries. Nowadays, Yangling Demonstration Zone has become one of the most energetic and prosperous district in Shaanxi Province. It has become one of the areas with great development potentiality in Shaanxi. A modern agricultural hi-tech, industrial, ecological, tourism city is emerging in west China.

Transportation

Situated in the middle of big or media-sized cities, Yangling, is located the Long-Hai railroad, the main node of the highway between Xi'an and Baoji, and near the terminal market. There are highways and railways interlinked the international harbors such as Lianyungang and Tianjin, etc. which is convenient enough to develop enterprises and make them grow strong.

Natural Environment

Yangling, with a planned area of 22.12km2 , is located 34°20′north latitude and 108°7′ east longitude. With the beauties of Taibai Mountain in the front and Zhouyuan plain at the back, Yangling enjoys a lot of natural advantage.

Being the continental seasonal semi-humid climate type with distinctive seasons, the average annual temperature in Yangling is 12.9℃, the annual rainfall 660mm and humid index 0.64. The air quality index is or above grade 2 covering about 300 days of a year. In 2003 Yangling passed the dual verifications of ISO14001 and the Environment Management System.

Life and Tourism

The beautiful environment first-rate educational facilities, ample spare land resources scientific city—planning, broad streets and complete supporting measures etc have already provided very good conditions for investment and residence. In 2005 the Demonstration Zone was awarded the National Advanced Sanitary District and the National Agricultural Sci-tech Tourism Demonstration Zone.

There are many tourism resources surrounding Yangling, with xian-xianyang tourism circle in the east, Buddhist pilgrims Famen Temple in the west, Taibai Mountain and Louguantai in the south, the Qian Tomb in the north. In the area of Yangling, the tourism resources are unique, with the biggest embryonic brition base in the world, the largest insect museum in the Asia, and with rich and colorful aquatic sports amusement items like yacht, KART, horse race, shooting, sand beach and lovers bicycle which attracts people who love the nature.

 

Binzhou


Binzhou (simplified Chinese: 滨州; pinyin: Bīnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in northern Shandong province. Sitting on the northern bank of the Yellow River with two arms extended to the southern bank, Binzhou borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the southwest. The city also has a short coastline bordering the Bohai Bay.

 Geography Features and Brief History


Lying in the lower reaches of the Yellow River and the Lubei Plain, Binzhou is located at hinterland of the Yellow River Delta. Bordering the Bohai Sea to the north, Dongying to the east, Zibo to the south, Dezhou and Jinan to the west, Binzhou is Shandong's north gate.

Binzhou has a long history, which can be traced back to the Neolithic Age and was regarded as one of the cradles of the Yellow River Civilization and the Qi Civilization. In the Shang Dynasty, the kingdom of Pugu was founded here. And in the Qin Dynasty, the county was set. From the Western Han Dynasty to the Republic of China, kingdom, province, prefecture, circuit and other local administrative divisions were set here. During the Five Dynasties Period, Binzhou was established, whose name was derived from the fact that it was adjacent to the Bohai Sea.

In 1950, Huimin Region was set here which was then renamed Binzhou Region in 1992 and finally changed into Binzhou City after several reforms. Binzhou administers 7 counties and 1 district, which covers an area of 9600 square kilometers and has a population of 3.69 million.

 Culture and Tourism


Binzhou is famous for its splendid traditional folk arts, such as Lu Opera originating from Boxing, HuJi Assembly, clay sculpture and wood engraving in Huimin, and Binzhou's artistic paper cutting, all of which are saturated with profound rural flavor and boast distinct artistic charm.

Binzhou is characteristic of simple folk customs and abundant personage. Hunmin County is the hometown of Sun Wu, a great ancient strategist. Zouping County is the hometown of Fan Zhongyan, a famous statesman in the Song Dynasty. Boxing County is the hometown of Dongyong, a famous dutiful son in the Han Dynasty, which is the cradle of the culture of Filial Piety. And Binzhou is the cradle of Chinese Liu Opera. During the times of war and revolution, CPC Agency in Bohai Region was situated here.

 Development of Binzhou Today


In 2008, the city's gross production was 123 billion RMB, rising by 12.7%; the urban per capita disposable income was 15960 RMB, increasing by 14.9%; while rural farmers' per-captia income was 5700 RMB, increasing by 14.3%. The city's gross agricultural production is 24billion RMB, increasing by 5%. Value-added of large-scale industries is 66.06 billion RMB, increasing by 13%. Great progress has been made in opening up to the outside. The total volume of imports and exports will reach 4.62 billion dollar, increasing by 37.5%; among which, the volume of export will be 2.32 billion dollar, increasing by 23.2%. And 0.3 billion dollar of foreign investment has been utilized, increasing by 19.4%.

Binzhou's industries are developing rapidly. Clusters of industries such as textile, home-textile and garment, salt and chemical complex, auto, engine and parts, ship building and ship part building, airplane and airplane parts building, electronic information, rice, oil, fruit and vegetable product processing, biological engineering, modern service industry and infrastructures began to take shape. The goal of “Auto to the roads, Ship to the sea and Airplane to the sky” has basically been realized, and the three dimensional high-tech industrial frames of land, sea and sky is being formed. Shandong Weiqiao Pioneering Group Co., Ltd. and Shandong Befar Group Co., Ltd. are listed in the China's Top 500 Enterprises. Major economic indicators of Mengwei Manufacturing Co., Ltd. have ranked first in China for nineteen years in a row. Shandong Lubei Enterprise Group Co., Ltd is among the first batch of environmental-friendly enterprises and the first "Green Chemical Industrial Enterprise". Now, Binzhou has 6 listed companies, raising 5.92 billion RMB of funds. Among these, 2 were listed abroad, raising 0.489billion dollar of funds and ranking first in Shandong Province.

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